Inspiring exploration, appreciation, and conservation of our natural world.
Winterberry Holly – 18-24″ (3-0)
Winterberry (Ilex verticillata), also known as Michigan Holly, is primarily a wetland shrub. It can reach up to 12 feet in height. It prefers wet to moist soil with very poor to moderate drainage. It is salt sensitive. Winterberry transplants well and is fairly resistant to disease and insects. It is also resistant to compact soils. The berries have a high wildlife value for waterfowl and songbirds, but are poisonous to humans. Winterberry needs both male and female plants for berries.
Leaves are simple and obovate with sharply double toothed margins.
Bright red berries are produced in the late summer and persist into January.
Visitors Attracted to Winterberry
Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum) by DickDaniels
Henry’s Elfin Butterfly (Callophrys henrici) by Judy Gallagher
American robin (Turdus migratorius) – by Ryan E. Poplin
Help Control Invasives!
Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii) by Lazaregagnidze
Winterberry makes a great alternative to Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii), which can compete with native understory plants in natural areas. Japanese barberry is native to Japan, and was introduced to the United States in the late 1800s as an ornamental plant. It is used widely as landscape material, due in part to its resistance to deer browsing (click here to learn more).