“Winterberry” by Chesapeake Conservation Landscaping Council is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Winterberry Holly – 18-24″ (3-0)

Winterberry (Ilex verticillata), also known as Michigan Holly, is primarily a wetland shrub.  It can reach up to 12 feet in height.  It prefers wet to moist soil with very poor to moderate drainage.  It is salt sensitive.  Winterberry transplants well and is fairly resistant to disease and insects.  It is also resistant to compact soils.  The berries have a high wildlife value for waterfowl and songbirds, but are poisonous to humans.  Winterberry needs both male and female plants for berries.

SKU: WH-1824. Categories: , .

Product Description

  • Seedling Size:  18-24″
  • Seedling Age:  3-0
  • Mature Height:  5 – 12 feet
  • Mature Width:  5 – 12 feet
  • Soil Type:  Acidic, Clay, Loamy, Sandy
  • Moisture:  Dry, Moderate, Moist
  • Sun:  Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
  • Growth Rate:  Slow

Key Characteristics of Winterberry

  • In the late spring, small white flowers bloom.
  • Bark is smooth and dark grey.
  • Leaves are simple and obovate with sharply double toothed margins.
  • Bright red berries are produced in the late summer and persist into January.

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Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii) by Lazaregagnidze

Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii) by Lazaregagnidze

Winterberry makes a great alternative to Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii), which can compete with native understory plants in natural areas.  Japanese barberry is native to Japan, and was introduced to the United States in the late 1800s as an ornamental plant. It is used widely as landscape material, due in part to its resistance to deer browsing (click here to learn more).