“Sambucus canadensis” by F.D. Richards is licensed by CC BY-SA 2.0

Elderberry, American – 12-24″ (1-0)

American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) is a beautiful deciduous shrub with excellent wildlife value.  Its berries attract a wide range of bird species, and it also hosts a number of native moth and butterfly species.  American elderberry typically grows from 5 to 12 feet tall, tolerates flooding and transplants well.  It is slow-growing in shade but fast growing in full sunlight.

SKU: AEB-1224. Categories: , .

Product Description

  • Seedling Size:  12-24″
  • Seedling Age:  1-0
  • Mature Height:  5 – 12 feet
  • Mature Width:  5 – 12 feet
  • Soil Type:  Clay, Well-drained
  • Moisture: Moderate, Moist
  • Sun:  Full Sun, Partial Shade
  • Growth Rate:  Fast

Key Characteristics of American Elderberry

  • Flowers in clusters from May to July.
  • Yellowish gray stems, covered in lenticels.
  • Compound, opposite leaves.  Serrated, 2-6 inches long.
  • Fruit clusters mature in September and are edible.

Visitors Attracted to American Elderberry

Help Control Invasives!

European Cranberry (Viburnum opulus) by Lazaregagnidze

European Cranberry (Viburnum opulus) by Lazaregagnidze

American elderberry makes a great alternative to European cranberry (Viburnum opulus), a non-native plant that has become invasive in some areas.  It poses an ecological threat by competing with native plants for habitat and resources. It can be found in swamps, bogs, stream banks, open woodlands, forest edges, hedgerows and thickets. It grows in both heavy clay and acidic soil (via Invasive Plant Atlas).