- Seedling Size: 4-8″
- Seedling Age: 2-0
- Mature Height: 50-60 feet
- Mature Width: 20-30 feet
- Soil Type: Acidic, clay, drought-tolerant, loamy, sandy, well-drained soils
- Moisture: Dry or moderate
- Sun: Full sun, partial shade or shade
- Growth Rate: Medium
Key Characteristics of White Spruce
- Bark is a reddish brown with platelike scales when mature.
- Pollen cones form in May. Seed cones ripen in the fall of the 1st year, 1-2 inches long.
- Needles are stiff and are arranged spirally on branches.
Visitors Attracted to White Spruce
- Ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
- Black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)
- White-breasted nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)
Spacing for White Spruce
Here are some recommended spacing for white spruce, depending on how you would like to use it.
- Wildlife: 15′ x 15′ or 20′ x 20′.
- Timber: 8′ x 8′ or 10′ x 10′.
- Windbreak: 10′ x 10′ or 12′ x 12′