White Spruce – Brett Marshall, Sault College, Bugwood.org
White Spruce Needles - Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.orgWhite Spruce Cones - A. Steven Munson, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org

Spruce, White – 18-24″ (3-0)

White spruce (Picea glauca) is a slow-growing, long lived tree that may reach heights of 75 feet with a crown width of 20-30 feet.  It is straight stemmed and narrow crowned.  White spruce is moderately shade tolerant, but grows best in full sun.  It does best on moist or dry sites, on clay, sand or loamy soils, but prefers a well-drained soil.  The understory of older trees are often dominated by feather mosses, as well as peat moss.

Product Description

  • Seedling Size:  18-24″
  • Seedling Age:  3-0
  • Mature Height:  50 – 60 feet
  • Mature Width:  20 – 30 feet
  • Soil Type:  Acidic, Clay, Drought Tolerant
  • Moisture:  Dry, Moderate
  • Sun:  Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
  • Growth Rate:  Medium

Key Characteristics of White Spruce

  • Bark is a reddish brown with platelike scales when mature.
  • Pollen cones form in May.  Seed cones ripen in the fall of the 1st year, 1-2 inches long.
  • Needles are stiff and are arranged spirally on branches.

Visitors Attracted to White Spruce

Spacing for White Spruce

Here are some recommended spacings for white spruce, depending on how you would like to use it.

  • Wildlife: 15′ x 15′ or 20′ x 20′.
  • Timber: 8′ x 8′ or 10′ x 10′.
  • Windbreak: 10′ x 10′ or 12′ x 12′