Black Spruce – Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Black Spruce Bark - Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.orgBlack Spruce Cones - Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.orgBlack Spruce Needles - Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org

Spruce, Black – 18-24″ (3-0)

Black spruce (Picea mariana) is primarily found in bogs, lakeshores, and other very wet places with poor drainage.  It can reach up to 60 feet tall and when its branches touch the ground, they can sprout new trees.  Black spruce is an excellent choice for areas that stay wet year-round.  It offers a great deal of direct and indirect wildlife value, from grouse eating its buds and seeds to supporting insects that songbirds need to giving shelter to birds and mammals alike.  Its evergreen foliage and pretty cones offer pops of color in winter.

Product Description

  • Seedling Size:  18-24″
  • Seedling Age:  3-0
  • Mature Height:  25 – 60 feet
  • Mature Width:  8 – 15 feet
  • Soil Type:  Organic
  • Moisture:  Moderate, Moist
  • Sun:  Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
  • Growth Rate:  Slow

Key Characteristics of Black Spruce

  • Young cones are bright red to dark purple.
  • Bark is rough and flaky with olive underbark.
  • Needles are not so sharp as other spruces, and good forage for grouse.
  • Mature cones are small and papery.  Seeds are excellent fall and winter forage for wildlife.

Visitors Attracted to Black Spruce

Make a Habitat!

Black spruce pairs very well with other wet species like red-osier dogwood, winterberry holly and tamarack.  When these plants are planted together, their resources naturally combine to support a wide variety of native wildlife!