Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Jack Pine Cones ClosedJack Pine NeedlesJack Pine Cones Closed

Pine, Jack – 18-24″

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Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) prefers dry, sandy soils and can grow as large as 60 feet tall.  Stands of trees composed of primarily jack pine are crucial habitat for the Kirtland’s warbler, a bird that only lives in Michigan.  Jack pine is hardy to drought and poor soils.  When grown singly, it grows in a decidedly not-straight manner, with curving trunk and branches.  Stands of jack pine grow in a more typical “pine tree” shape.  Jack pines support many birds and mammals, which eat seeds and the insects that fee on the tree.

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SKU: JP-1824-300. Categories: , . Tag: .

Product Description

Overview

  • Seedling Size:   18-24″
  • Seedling Age:   3-0
  • Mature Height:   40-60 feet
  • Mature Width:   10-20 feet
  • Soil Type:   Slightly Acidic
  • Moisture:   Dry, Moderate
  • Sun:   Full Sun
  • Growth Rate:   Fast

Key Characteristics of Jack Pine

  • Pines don’t have flowers as such, but their pollen cones are tasty to many birds and insects.
  • Bark is flaky and grey with a reddish tone underneath.
  • Needs are short and borne in bundles of two.  Many birds eat the insects that live on buds.
  • Cones don’t fall to the ground, and don’t even open unless there is a fire or a very hot day!

Visitors Attracted to Jack Pine

  • Eastern pine elfin (Callophrys niphon)
  • Kirtland’s warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii)
  • Pine grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)

Help Control Invasives!

Jack pine makes a great alternative to Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris), which spouts from seeds easily and can compete with native trees in natural areas.

Image Credits

  • Jack Pine – Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
  • Jack Pine Cones Open – Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org
  • Jack Pine Needles – Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org
  • Jack Pine Cones Closed – Bill Cook, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org