- Seedling Size: 12-18″
- Seedling Age: 2-0
- Mature Height: 25 – 40 feet
- Mature Width: 5 – 12 feet
- Soil Type: Well-drained, Slightly Acidic
- Moisture: Dry, Moderate
- Sun: Shade
- Growth Rate: Slow, Medium
Key Characteristics of Hop-Hornbeam
- Cone-like flowers emerge in early spring. Pollen is a good source of protein for wildlife.
- Bark is grey-brown and “shreddy.” Beneficial insects may overwinter in the bark’s shelter.
- Leaves are simple and obovate with sharply double toothed margins.
- Fruits are a nutlet inside a dry husk, grouped to form a hop-like cluster. The tree gets its name from its unique fruits.
Visitors Attracted to Hop-Hornbeam
Did You Know?
Hop-hornbeam is an extremely strong and durable wood, and has been used for tool handles and sled runners because it can take the stress. The meaning of the name hop-hornbeam is broken down in several ways: “hop” refers to the similarity of the fruit clusters to hops, an ingredient in beer-making; “horn” refers to the hardness of the wood; and “beam” comes from an archaic English word for tree (via Canadian Tree Tours).