- Seedling Size: 12-24″
- Seedling Age: 1-0
- Mature Height: 6 – 20 feet
- Mature Width: 6 – 15 feet
- Soil Type: Well-drained, Fertile
- Moisture: Moist
- Sun: Full Sun, Partial Shade
- Growth Rate: Medium
Key Characteristics of Red Elderberry
- Produces white flowers in the spring and red fruits in late June – August.
- In the fall, the leaves turn red before being shed for the winter.
- The dense roots and rhizomes make it useful for soil stabilization and erosion control on moist sites including streambanks
Visitors Attracted to Red Elderberry
Help Control Invasives!
Red elderberry makes a great alternative to the invasive Bush honeysuckles (Lonicera morrowii, L. tatarica). Invasive honeysuckles replace native plants in high quality natural areas, which in turn reduces critical food resources for birds, butterflies, and other wild creatures. Invasive honeysuckles in particular affect native ecosystems by throwing off the balance. While their flowers do provide nectar to birds and pollinating insects and the berries are food for birds and small mammals, the foliage is unpalatable to most native insects. Songbirds especially rely on insects to feed for their young to survive the growing season (click here for more info).