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Spruce, Black – 6-12″
Black spruce (Picea mariana) is primarily found in bogs, lakeshores, and other very wet places with poor drainage. It can reach up to 60 feet tall and when its branches touch the ground, they can sprout new trees. Black spruce is an excellent choice for areas that stay wet year-round. It offers a great deal of direct and indirect wildlife value, from grouse eating its buds and seeds to supporting insects that songbirds need to giving shelter to birds and mammals alike. Its evergreen foliage and pretty cones offer pops of color in winter.
Needles are not so sharp as other spruces, and good forage for grouse.
Mature cones are small and papery. Seeds are excellent fall and winter forage for wildlife.
Visitors Attracted to Black Spruce
American mink (Neovison vison)
Ruby-crowned kinglet (Regulus calendula)
Ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
Make a Habitat!
Black spruce pairs very well with other wet species like red-osier dogwood, winterberry and tamarack. When these plants are planted together, their resources naturally combine to support a wide variety of native wildlife!
Black Spruce Forest – Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Black Spruce Bark – Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org
Black Spruce Cones – Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org
Black Spruce Needles – Rob Routledge, Sault College, Bugwood.org