Balsam Fir – Steven Katovich, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
Balsam Fir Bark - Brett Marshall, Sault College, Bugwood.orgBalsam Fir Cones - Bill Cook, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org"Abies balsamea 2" by Superior National Forest is licensed by CC BY 2.0

Fir, Balsam – 6-12″ (P+1)

Balsam fir (Abies balsamea) is a slow-growing, medium-sized tree, reaching heights of 25-60 feet.  It is very shade tolerant, relatively short-lived and aromatic.  Balsam fir prefers a moist to wet site, on an organic, well-drained sand or loam soil.  It is naturally fond on sites ranging from poorly drained swamps to well-drained uplands.

SKU: BF-0612. Categories: , .

Product Description

  • Seedling Size:  6-12″
  • Seedling Age:  P+1
  • Mature Height:  25 – 60 feet
  • Mature Width:  20 – 30 feet
  • Soil Type:  Sandy, Loamy, Clay
  • Moisture:  Moderate, Moist
  • Sun:  Full Sun, Partial Shade, Shade
  • Growth Rate:  Slow

Key Characteristics of Balsam Fir

  • The bark is a dull green, graying with age.
  • Cones stand upright on branches, characteristic of the genus, Abies.
  • Dark, shiny green needles grow up to 1″ long.
  • Shade and flood tolerant, but susceptible to salt and ice damage.

Visitors Attracted to Balsam Fir

Did You Know?

Balsam fir is favored for Christmas trees, garlands and wreaths.  Its branches can also be steamed to produce the fragrant oil of balsam.