Inspiring exploration, appreciation, and conservation of our natural world.
Tamarack/American Larch – 18-24″ (3-0)
American larch (Larix laricina), also known as Tamarack, is one of our northernmost trees, growing 40-80 feet. It typically grows in boreal forests in wet, poorly drained bogs. American larch is one of the fastest growing conifers when planted in the correct conditions and can be underplanted with acid loving shrubs and wildflowers. American larch does not tolerate shade, heat or pollution; however, it will tolerate drier soils than it does in natural areas. It is considered a low maintenance tree species.
Seed cones are small, typically < 2cm. Attractive in color, cones add ornamental value.
Bark appears gray to reddish brown. Used historically for poles, cross ties and for framing.
Needles are soft and bright green. Unlike most conifers, it drops needles in winter after a spectacular fall color.
Visitors Attracted to American Larch
Larch silkmoth (Hyalophora colunbia) by Lavaltrois
White Throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis) by Cephas
Pine elfin (Callophrys niphon) by Judy Gallagher
Help Control Invasives!
Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) by Arnstein Rønning
American larch makes a great alternative to invasive black alder (Alnus glutinosa). Both plants like sunny, wet conditions. Black alder is aggressive in wetland communities, replacing native vegetation. Black alder is also vulnerable to tent caterpillars, while American larch is not.